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Menampilkan postingan dari Juli, 2022

Aratemeru VS Naosu VS Tadasu

SUP Week 14 Review: Inclusion of Urban Minorities in Japan

 Foreign residents are increasing in Japan since 1948. While the population of Japanese citizens dropped by 500,000 in 2019, the country's foreign residents increased by 200,000 [1] . But, even though foreign workers staying in Japan already have a job in the country when they arrive, those who have stayed in Japan over a long term face a higher probability of losing their jobs than Japanese people due to their low adaptability to the Japanese labor market; thus they experience more difficulties, including unfamiliarity with Japanese employment practices and language barriers, than Japanese people when they look for a new job after becoming jobless [2] . But, Korean with permanent residence right decrease. The most significant cause is the increase in the number of those becoming naturalized Japanese citizens. The first- and second-generation Zainichi Koreans had a strong attachment to Korea and hence a reluctance to naturalize; however, the third, fourth, and fifth generations hav

Review The Brilliant Fifties: International trade as a cause of underdevelopment (Cossimo Perotta)

Bab 3 - Perdagangan internasional adalah penyebab underdevelopment Perdagangan internasional menurut Hirschmann merupakan strategi untuk kekuasaan, yang bertujuan memaksakan kepentingan suatu bangsa pada orang lain. Dominasi, ketidakseimbangan, ketergantungan, bahkan eksploitasi. Perdagangan bebas demi keuntungan dapat membahayakan pembangunan negara yang lebih lemah, biasanya negara berkembang atau negara miskin. Akibatnya, kesenjangan semakin besar.  Dan negara-negara yang terbelakang perekonomian disebabkan bukan karena masih berada di tahap pra industri, tetapi karena mereka dirugikan (secara permanen) oleh hubungan perdagangan yang kurang sehat yang disebutkan Hirschman tadi. Karena apa? Sistem perdagangannya tidak bisa dipukul rata, hanya bisa dilakukan antarnegara yang perkembangannya sama. Kalau dipukul rata, negara miskin dirugikan.  Hukum biaya komparatif hanya berlaku ketika negara-negara perdagangan memiliki tingkat perkembangan yang sama. Hukum Ricardian bekerja dengan mer